Synthesis of anti- and syn-Diol Epoxides of trans-4,5-Dihydro-4,5-dihydroxybenzo[j]fluoranthene and trans-9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dihydroxybenzo[j]fluoranthene

He Zhen-Min, Edmond Lavoie

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The preparation of diastereomeric anti- and syn-epoxides of benzo[j]fluoranthene (BjF) 4,5- and 9,10-dihydrodiols is described. The anti-diol epoxides were prepared from the corresponding dihydrodiols by epoxidation with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. The isomeric syn-diol epoxides were synthesized by base-catalyzed (Amberlyte IRA-400) cyclization of the bromo triol derivatives which in turn were prepared from the respective dihydrodiols by treatment with N-bromoacetamide in aqueous THF. New methods were employed for the preparation of 4- and 10-hydroxyBjF which are precursors for BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol and BjF-9,10-dihydrodiol. Cyclodehydration of 2-[2-(9-methoxy-11-hydroxybenzo[a]fluoren-11-yl)ethyl]-1,3-dioxane in polyphosphoric acid afforded 4-methoxyBjF (from which the phenol is readily prepared) in 87% yield. Reaction of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-acenaphthylene with ethyl diazoacetate is catalyzed by copper-bronze and gave a mixture of diastereomeric cyclopropane carboxylates. These were converted to the corresponding aldehydes by diisobutylaluminum hydride reduction and Swern oxidation followed by cyclodehydration with polyphosphoric acid to give 10-methoxyBjF in 91% yield. It had previously been reported that reduction of BjF-4,5-quinone to BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol occurs in low yield due to overreduction to a mixture of tetrahydro diols and triols. We now report that complexation of the quinone with silver nitrate followed by reduction with potassium borohydride in the presence of oxygen affords BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol in 91% yield.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1784-1789
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1992

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Epoxy Compounds
Silver Nitrate
Epoxidation
Cyclization
Bronze
Phenol
9,10-dihydro-9,10-dihydroxybenzo(j)fluoranthene
trans-1,2-dihydro-1,2-naphthalenediol
4,5-dihydro-4,5-dihydroxybenzo(j)fluoranthene
Complexation
Aldehydes
Copper
Oxygen
Derivatives
Oxidation
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

@article{37742a8aad874d1fb0bd0e2c24f511cb,
title = "Synthesis of anti- and syn-Diol Epoxides of trans-4,5-Dihydro-4,5-dihydroxybenzo[j]fluoranthene and trans-9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dihydroxybenzo[j]fluoranthene",
abstract = "The preparation of diastereomeric anti- and syn-epoxides of benzo[j]fluoranthene (BjF) 4,5- and 9,10-dihydrodiols is described. The anti-diol epoxides were prepared from the corresponding dihydrodiols by epoxidation with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. The isomeric syn-diol epoxides were synthesized by base-catalyzed (Amberlyte IRA-400) cyclization of the bromo triol derivatives which in turn were prepared from the respective dihydrodiols by treatment with N-bromoacetamide in aqueous THF. New methods were employed for the preparation of 4- and 10-hydroxyBjF which are precursors for BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol and BjF-9,10-dihydrodiol. Cyclodehydration of 2-[2-(9-methoxy-11-hydroxybenzo[a]fluoren-11-yl)ethyl]-1,3-dioxane in polyphosphoric acid afforded 4-methoxyBjF (from which the phenol is readily prepared) in 87{\%} yield. Reaction of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-acenaphthylene with ethyl diazoacetate is catalyzed by copper-bronze and gave a mixture of diastereomeric cyclopropane carboxylates. These were converted to the corresponding aldehydes by diisobutylaluminum hydride reduction and Swern oxidation followed by cyclodehydration with polyphosphoric acid to give 10-methoxyBjF in 91{\%} yield. It had previously been reported that reduction of BjF-4,5-quinone to BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol occurs in low yield due to overreduction to a mixture of tetrahydro diols and triols. We now report that complexation of the quinone with silver nitrate followed by reduction with potassium borohydride in the presence of oxygen affords BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol in 91{\%} yield.",
author = "He Zhen-Min and Edmond Lavoie",
year = "1992",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.1021/jo00032a034",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "57",
pages = "1784--1789",
journal = "Journal of Organic Chemistry",
issn = "0022-3263",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis of anti- and syn-Diol Epoxides of trans-4,5-Dihydro-4,5-dihydroxybenzo[j]fluoranthene and trans-9,10-Dihydro-9,10-dihydroxybenzo[j]fluoranthene

AU - Zhen-Min, He

AU - Lavoie, Edmond

PY - 1992/3/1

Y1 - 1992/3/1

N2 - The preparation of diastereomeric anti- and syn-epoxides of benzo[j]fluoranthene (BjF) 4,5- and 9,10-dihydrodiols is described. The anti-diol epoxides were prepared from the corresponding dihydrodiols by epoxidation with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. The isomeric syn-diol epoxides were synthesized by base-catalyzed (Amberlyte IRA-400) cyclization of the bromo triol derivatives which in turn were prepared from the respective dihydrodiols by treatment with N-bromoacetamide in aqueous THF. New methods were employed for the preparation of 4- and 10-hydroxyBjF which are precursors for BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol and BjF-9,10-dihydrodiol. Cyclodehydration of 2-[2-(9-methoxy-11-hydroxybenzo[a]fluoren-11-yl)ethyl]-1,3-dioxane in polyphosphoric acid afforded 4-methoxyBjF (from which the phenol is readily prepared) in 87% yield. Reaction of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-acenaphthylene with ethyl diazoacetate is catalyzed by copper-bronze and gave a mixture of diastereomeric cyclopropane carboxylates. These were converted to the corresponding aldehydes by diisobutylaluminum hydride reduction and Swern oxidation followed by cyclodehydration with polyphosphoric acid to give 10-methoxyBjF in 91% yield. It had previously been reported that reduction of BjF-4,5-quinone to BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol occurs in low yield due to overreduction to a mixture of tetrahydro diols and triols. We now report that complexation of the quinone with silver nitrate followed by reduction with potassium borohydride in the presence of oxygen affords BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol in 91% yield.

AB - The preparation of diastereomeric anti- and syn-epoxides of benzo[j]fluoranthene (BjF) 4,5- and 9,10-dihydrodiols is described. The anti-diol epoxides were prepared from the corresponding dihydrodiols by epoxidation with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid. The isomeric syn-diol epoxides were synthesized by base-catalyzed (Amberlyte IRA-400) cyclization of the bromo triol derivatives which in turn were prepared from the respective dihydrodiols by treatment with N-bromoacetamide in aqueous THF. New methods were employed for the preparation of 4- and 10-hydroxyBjF which are precursors for BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol and BjF-9,10-dihydrodiol. Cyclodehydration of 2-[2-(9-methoxy-11-hydroxybenzo[a]fluoren-11-yl)ethyl]-1,3-dioxane in polyphosphoric acid afforded 4-methoxyBjF (from which the phenol is readily prepared) in 87% yield. Reaction of 1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-acenaphthylene with ethyl diazoacetate is catalyzed by copper-bronze and gave a mixture of diastereomeric cyclopropane carboxylates. These were converted to the corresponding aldehydes by diisobutylaluminum hydride reduction and Swern oxidation followed by cyclodehydration with polyphosphoric acid to give 10-methoxyBjF in 91% yield. It had previously been reported that reduction of BjF-4,5-quinone to BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol occurs in low yield due to overreduction to a mixture of tetrahydro diols and triols. We now report that complexation of the quinone with silver nitrate followed by reduction with potassium borohydride in the presence of oxygen affords BjF-4,5-dihydrodiol in 91% yield.

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