A novel dielectric slot waveguide supporting strongly confined field in a T-shaped low-index slot region for both TE and TM polarizations is proposed and analyzed. Numerical simulations have demonstrated that quite different birefringent modal properties are achievable with tight optical confinement in the slot by tuning key geometrical parameters of the waveguide. Based on such a slot structure, the characteristics of directional couplers are investigated and the conditions for polarization independent coupling are also given. The presented T-shaped slot waveguide might be employed in integrated photonic systems as important building blocks enabling a number of potential applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Directional coupler
- Slot waveguide