To be truly useful for media theory, the concept of presence should be applicable to all forms of virtual environments including those of traditional media like television and traditional content such as advertising. This study reports the results of an experiment on the effects of the visual angle of the display (sensory saturation) and room illumination (sensory suppression) on the sensation of telepresence during normal television viewing. A self-report measure of presence yielded two factors. Using [Genie's (1993)] terminology for the sense of being transported to a mediated environments, we labeled the two factors "arrival," for the feeling of being there in the virtual environment, and "departure," for the feeling of not being there in the in physical environment. It appears that being in the virtual environment is not equivalent to not being in the physical environment. A path analysis found that these two factors have very different relationships to viewer memory for the experience and for attitude change (i.e., buying intention and confidence in product decision). We theorize that the departure factor may be measuring the feeling that the medium has disappeared and may constitute a deeper absorption into the virtual environment. The study did not find evidence that visual angle and room illumination affected the sensation of telepresence.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Computer Science Applications