The accuracy and power of sex, social class, and ethnic stereotypes: A naturalistic study in person perception

Stephanie Madon, Lee Jussim, Shelley Keiper, Jacquelynne Eccles, Alison Smith, Polly Palumbo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research examined the accuracy and power of sex, social class, and ethnic stereotypes in person perception. Participants included 49 to 56 teachers and nearly 2,000 students in seventh-grade public school math classes. Results indicated that teacher perceptions regarding achievement and motivation differences between girls and boys, lower- and upper-class students, and African American and White students were mostly accurate. Results also showed that although teachers generally relied on students' personal characteristics to form their perceptions, they occasionally relied on stereotypes. We discuss these results in terms of the classic view that stereotypes are inaccurate, rigid, exaggerated, and exert powerful effects on person perception.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1304-1318
Number of pages15
JournalPersonality and social psychology bulletin
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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