The association between marijuana and motor vehicle crashes

Richard Fowles, Peter D. Loeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: We are just beginning to be able to detect the policy implications and public health effects of changes in marijuana laws and consumption in the United States on motor vehicle related fatalities. Most studies to date use classical regression methods to study these and are thus susceptible to both model and parameter uncertainty. This study examines the associations between marijuana and motor vehicle fatality rates taking these two issues of uncertainty into account using Bayesian sturdy-values, i.e., s-values. Method: This study utilizes a new balanced panel dataset across all states and Washington, D.C. for the period 2010 to 2016 in the context of linear models using Bayesian s-values. It addresses the association between marijuana and alcohol consumption along with the legal environment across states and through time on crash fatalities. Other important factors such as the distractive influence of cell phones are studied. The s-value approach considers a vast number of model specifications and provides robust policy guidelines. Results: A strong association between marijuana and alcohol use on motor vehicle crash rates is found. The statistical results are both substantial and robust, i.e., non-fragile. Other important variables include cell phone use, seat belt use, speed limit laws, and fleet modernization. Conclusion: Our results have found strong evidence of a life-taking relationship between marijuana use and vehicle crashes. This suggests that policy makers recognize that legislation liberalizing marijuana use may have tragic ramifications regarding motor vehicle fatalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101043
JournalJournal of Transport and Health
Volume21
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Health Policy
  • Transportation
  • Safety Research

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Bayesian econometrics
  • Marijuana usage
  • Motor vehicle fatalities
  • S-values

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