The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4: Methodologies for selection, compilation and analysis of latest Paleocene and early Eocene climate proxy data, incorporating version 0.1 of the DeepMIP database

Christopher J. Hollis, Tom Dunkley Jones, Eleni Anagnostou, Peter K. Bijl, Margot J. Cramwinckel, Ying Cui, Gerald R. Dickens, Kirsty M. Edgar, Yvette Eley, David Evans, Gavin L. Foster, Joost Frieling, Gordon N. Inglis, Elizabeth M. Kennedy, Reinhard Kozdon, Vittoria Lauretano, Caroline H. Lear, Kate Littler, Lucas Lourens, A. Nele MecklerB. David A. Naafs, Heiko Pälike, Richard D. Pancost, Paul N. Pearson, Ursula Röhl, Dana L. Royer, Ulrich Salzmann, Brian A. Schubert, Hannu Seebeck, Appy Sluijs, Robert P. Speijer, Peter Stassen, Jessica Tierney, Aradhna Tripati, Bridget Wade, Thomas Westerhold, Caitlyn Witkowski, James C. Zachos, Yi Ge Zhang, Matthew Huber, Daniel J. Lunt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The early Eocene (56 to 48 million years ago) is inferred to have been the most recent time that Earth's atmospheric CO2 concentrations exceeded 1000 ppm. Global mean temperatures were also substantially warmer than those of the present day. As such, the study of early Eocene climate provides insight into how a super-warm Earth system behaves and offers an opportunity to evaluate climate models under conditions of high greenhouse gas forcing. The Deep Time Model Intercomparison Project (DeepMIP) is a systematic model-model and model-data intercomparison of three early Paleogene time slices: latest Paleocene, Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) and early Eocene climatic optimum (EECO). A previous article outlined the model experimental design for climate model simulations. In this article, we outline the methodologies to be used for the compilation and analysis of climate proxy data, primarily proxies for temperature and CO2. This paper establishes the protocols for a concerted and coordinated effort to compile the climate proxy records across a wide geographic range. The resulting climate "atlas" will be used to constrain and evaluate climate models for the three selected time intervals and provide insights into the mechanisms that control these warm climate states. We provide version 0.1 of this database, in anticipation that this will be expanded in subsequent publications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3149-3206
Number of pages58
JournalGeoscientific Model Development
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2019

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Compilation
Climate
Paleocene
Eocene
Climate models
Climate Models
methodology
Methodology
climate
climate modeling
Hypsithermal
Earth (planet)
proxy climate record
Anticipation
Greenhouse Gases
Model
Evaluate
Atlas
Experimental design
Greenhouse gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Hollis, Christopher J. ; Dunkley Jones, Tom ; Anagnostou, Eleni ; Bijl, Peter K. ; Cramwinckel, Margot J. ; Cui, Ying ; Dickens, Gerald R. ; Edgar, Kirsty M. ; Eley, Yvette ; Evans, David ; Foster, Gavin L. ; Frieling, Joost ; Inglis, Gordon N. ; Kennedy, Elizabeth M. ; Kozdon, Reinhard ; Lauretano, Vittoria ; Lear, Caroline H. ; Littler, Kate ; Lourens, Lucas ; Nele Meckler, A. ; Naafs, B. David A. ; Pälike, Heiko ; Pancost, Richard D. ; Pearson, Paul N. ; Röhl, Ursula ; Royer, Dana L. ; Salzmann, Ulrich ; Schubert, Brian A. ; Seebeck, Hannu ; Sluijs, Appy ; Speijer, Robert P. ; Stassen, Peter ; Tierney, Jessica ; Tripati, Aradhna ; Wade, Bridget ; Westerhold, Thomas ; Witkowski, Caitlyn ; Zachos, James C. ; Ge Zhang, Yi ; Huber, Matthew ; Lunt, Daniel J. / The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4 : Methodologies for selection, compilation and analysis of latest Paleocene and early Eocene climate proxy data, incorporating version 0.1 of the DeepMIP database. In: Geoscientific Model Development. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 7. pp. 3149-3206.
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abstract = "The early Eocene (56 to 48 million years ago) is inferred to have been the most recent time that Earth's atmospheric CO2 concentrations exceeded 1000 ppm. Global mean temperatures were also substantially warmer than those of the present day. As such, the study of early Eocene climate provides insight into how a super-warm Earth system behaves and offers an opportunity to evaluate climate models under conditions of high greenhouse gas forcing. The Deep Time Model Intercomparison Project (DeepMIP) is a systematic model-model and model-data intercomparison of three early Paleogene time slices: latest Paleocene, Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) and early Eocene climatic optimum (EECO). A previous article outlined the model experimental design for climate model simulations. In this article, we outline the methodologies to be used for the compilation and analysis of climate proxy data, primarily proxies for temperature and CO2. This paper establishes the protocols for a concerted and coordinated effort to compile the climate proxy records across a wide geographic range. The resulting climate {"}atlas{"} will be used to constrain and evaluate climate models for the three selected time intervals and provide insights into the mechanisms that control these warm climate states. We provide version 0.1 of this database, in anticipation that this will be expanded in subsequent publications.",
author = "Hollis, {Christopher J.} and {Dunkley Jones}, Tom and Eleni Anagnostou and Bijl, {Peter K.} and Cramwinckel, {Margot J.} and Ying Cui and Dickens, {Gerald R.} and Edgar, {Kirsty M.} and Yvette Eley and David Evans and Foster, {Gavin L.} and Joost Frieling and Inglis, {Gordon N.} and Kennedy, {Elizabeth M.} and Reinhard Kozdon and Vittoria Lauretano and Lear, {Caroline H.} and Kate Littler and Lucas Lourens and {Nele Meckler}, A. and Naafs, {B. David A.} and Heiko P{\"a}like and Pancost, {Richard D.} and Pearson, {Paul N.} and Ursula R{\"o}hl and Royer, {Dana L.} and Ulrich Salzmann and Schubert, {Brian A.} and Hannu Seebeck and Appy Sluijs and Speijer, {Robert P.} and Peter Stassen and Jessica Tierney and Aradhna Tripati and Bridget Wade and Thomas Westerhold and Caitlyn Witkowski and Zachos, {James C.} and {Ge Zhang}, Yi and Matthew Huber and Lunt, {Daniel J.}",
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Hollis, CJ, Dunkley Jones, T, Anagnostou, E, Bijl, PK, Cramwinckel, MJ, Cui, Y, Dickens, GR, Edgar, KM, Eley, Y, Evans, D, Foster, GL, Frieling, J, Inglis, GN, Kennedy, EM, Kozdon, R, Lauretano, V, Lear, CH, Littler, K, Lourens, L, Nele Meckler, A, Naafs, BDA, Pälike, H, Pancost, RD, Pearson, PN, Röhl, U, Royer, DL, Salzmann, U, Schubert, BA, Seebeck, H, Sluijs, A, Speijer, RP, Stassen, P, Tierney, J, Tripati, A, Wade, B, Westerhold, T, Witkowski, C, Zachos, JC, Ge Zhang, Y, Huber, M & Lunt, DJ 2019, 'The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4: Methodologies for selection, compilation and analysis of latest Paleocene and early Eocene climate proxy data, incorporating version 0.1 of the DeepMIP database', Geoscientific Model Development, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 3149-3206. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-3149-2019

The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4 : Methodologies for selection, compilation and analysis of latest Paleocene and early Eocene climate proxy data, incorporating version 0.1 of the DeepMIP database. / Hollis, Christopher J.; Dunkley Jones, Tom; Anagnostou, Eleni; Bijl, Peter K.; Cramwinckel, Margot J.; Cui, Ying; Dickens, Gerald R.; Edgar, Kirsty M.; Eley, Yvette; Evans, David; Foster, Gavin L.; Frieling, Joost; Inglis, Gordon N.; Kennedy, Elizabeth M.; Kozdon, Reinhard; Lauretano, Vittoria; Lear, Caroline H.; Littler, Kate; Lourens, Lucas; Nele Meckler, A.; Naafs, B. David A.; Pälike, Heiko; Pancost, Richard D.; Pearson, Paul N.; Röhl, Ursula; Royer, Dana L.; Salzmann, Ulrich; Schubert, Brian A.; Seebeck, Hannu; Sluijs, Appy; Speijer, Robert P.; Stassen, Peter; Tierney, Jessica; Tripati, Aradhna; Wade, Bridget; Westerhold, Thomas; Witkowski, Caitlyn; Zachos, James C.; Ge Zhang, Yi; Huber, Matthew; Lunt, Daniel J.

In: Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 12, No. 7, 25.07.2019, p. 3149-3206.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The DeepMIP contribution to PMIP4

T2 - Methodologies for selection, compilation and analysis of latest Paleocene and early Eocene climate proxy data, incorporating version 0.1 of the DeepMIP database

AU - Hollis, Christopher J.

AU - Dunkley Jones, Tom

AU - Anagnostou, Eleni

AU - Bijl, Peter K.

AU - Cramwinckel, Margot J.

AU - Cui, Ying

AU - Dickens, Gerald R.

AU - Edgar, Kirsty M.

AU - Eley, Yvette

AU - Evans, David

AU - Foster, Gavin L.

AU - Frieling, Joost

AU - Inglis, Gordon N.

AU - Kennedy, Elizabeth M.

AU - Kozdon, Reinhard

AU - Lauretano, Vittoria

AU - Lear, Caroline H.

AU - Littler, Kate

AU - Lourens, Lucas

AU - Nele Meckler, A.

AU - Naafs, B. David A.

AU - Pälike, Heiko

AU - Pancost, Richard D.

AU - Pearson, Paul N.

AU - Röhl, Ursula

AU - Royer, Dana L.

AU - Salzmann, Ulrich

AU - Schubert, Brian A.

AU - Seebeck, Hannu

AU - Sluijs, Appy

AU - Speijer, Robert P.

AU - Stassen, Peter

AU - Tierney, Jessica

AU - Tripati, Aradhna

AU - Wade, Bridget

AU - Westerhold, Thomas

AU - Witkowski, Caitlyn

AU - Zachos, James C.

AU - Ge Zhang, Yi

AU - Huber, Matthew

AU - Lunt, Daniel J.

PY - 2019/7/25

Y1 - 2019/7/25

N2 - The early Eocene (56 to 48 million years ago) is inferred to have been the most recent time that Earth's atmospheric CO2 concentrations exceeded 1000 ppm. Global mean temperatures were also substantially warmer than those of the present day. As such, the study of early Eocene climate provides insight into how a super-warm Earth system behaves and offers an opportunity to evaluate climate models under conditions of high greenhouse gas forcing. The Deep Time Model Intercomparison Project (DeepMIP) is a systematic model-model and model-data intercomparison of three early Paleogene time slices: latest Paleocene, Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) and early Eocene climatic optimum (EECO). A previous article outlined the model experimental design for climate model simulations. In this article, we outline the methodologies to be used for the compilation and analysis of climate proxy data, primarily proxies for temperature and CO2. This paper establishes the protocols for a concerted and coordinated effort to compile the climate proxy records across a wide geographic range. The resulting climate "atlas" will be used to constrain and evaluate climate models for the three selected time intervals and provide insights into the mechanisms that control these warm climate states. We provide version 0.1 of this database, in anticipation that this will be expanded in subsequent publications.

AB - The early Eocene (56 to 48 million years ago) is inferred to have been the most recent time that Earth's atmospheric CO2 concentrations exceeded 1000 ppm. Global mean temperatures were also substantially warmer than those of the present day. As such, the study of early Eocene climate provides insight into how a super-warm Earth system behaves and offers an opportunity to evaluate climate models under conditions of high greenhouse gas forcing. The Deep Time Model Intercomparison Project (DeepMIP) is a systematic model-model and model-data intercomparison of three early Paleogene time slices: latest Paleocene, Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) and early Eocene climatic optimum (EECO). A previous article outlined the model experimental design for climate model simulations. In this article, we outline the methodologies to be used for the compilation and analysis of climate proxy data, primarily proxies for temperature and CO2. This paper establishes the protocols for a concerted and coordinated effort to compile the climate proxy records across a wide geographic range. The resulting climate "atlas" will be used to constrain and evaluate climate models for the three selected time intervals and provide insights into the mechanisms that control these warm climate states. We provide version 0.1 of this database, in anticipation that this will be expanded in subsequent publications.

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VL - 12

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EP - 3206

JO - Geoscientific Model Development

JF - Geoscientific Model Development

SN - 1991-959X

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