The ETHNIC(S) mnemonic: A clinical tool for ethnogeriatric education

Fred A. Kobylarz, John M. Heath, Robert C. Like

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Geriatrics healthcare providers need to be aware of the effect that culture has on establishing treatment priorities, influencing adherence, and addressing end-of-life care issues for older patients and their caregivers. The mnemonic ETHNIC(S) (Explanation, Treatment, Healers, Negotiate, Intervention, Collaborate, Spirituality/Seniors) presented in this article provides a framework that practitioners can use in providing culturally appropriate geriatric care. ETHNIC(S) can serve as a clinically applicable tool for eliciting and negotiating cultural issues during healthcare encounters and as a new instructional strategy to be incorporated into ethnogeriatric curricula for all healthcare disciplines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1582-1589
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


  • Clinical tool
  • Cultural competency
  • Ethnogeriatric education

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The ETHNIC(S) mnemonic: A clinical tool for ethnogeriatric education'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this