Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if the subjective improvements in daytime sleepiness, fatigue and depression experienced by patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy predict an objective improvement in vigilance, and whether patients with mild-to-moderate OSA differ from patients with severe OSA in this regard. Methods: A total of 182 patients underwent psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) testing and measurements of subjective daytime sleepiness, fatigue and depression at baseline and after a minimum of one month of adherent CPAP use at an adequate pressure. Results: Patients with both mild-to-moderate (n = 92) and severe (n = 90) OSA experienced improvements in subjective daytime sleepiness, fatigue and depression, but objective improvement in vigilance was only seen in patients with severe OSA. In patients with severe OSA, while a correlation was found between improvements in daytime sleepiness and some PVT parameters, changes in subjective daytime sleepiness, fatigue and depression scores were not predictive of objective improvement in vigilance while controlling for all these subjective symptoms and for age, gender, body mass index, apnea-hypopnea index/respiratory event index and total sleep time/total recording time with pulse oximetry below 90%. Conclusions: We found no predictive relationship between subjective improvements in daytime sleepiness, fatigue and depression and objective vigilance with CPAP use in patients with OSA. These results suggest that subjective complaints of daytime impairment and objective measures of vigilance in patients with OSA should be assessed separately while evaluating the efficacy of CPAP therapy on daytime functioning.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Daytime sleepiness
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Psychomotor vigilance task