The two-column aerosol project: Phase I—overview and impact of elevated aerosol layers on aerosol optical depth

Larry K. Berg, Jerome D. Fast, James C. Barnard, Sharon P. Burton, Brian Cairns, Duli Chand, Jennifer M. Comstock, Stephen Dunagan, Richard A. Ferrare, Connor J. Flynn, Johnathan W. Hair, Chris A. Hostetler, John Hubbe, Anne Jefferson, Roy Johnson, Evgueni I. Kassianov, Celine D. Kluzek, Pavlos Kollias, Katia Lamer, Kathleen LantzFan Mei, Mark A. Miller, Joseph Michalsky, Ivan Ortega, Mikhail Pekour, Ray R. Rogers, Philip B. Russell, Jens Redemann, Arthur J. Sedlacek, Michal Segal-Rosenheimer, Beat Schmid, John E. Shilling, Yohei Shinozuka, Stephen R. Springston, Jason M. Tomlinson, Megan Tyrrell, Jacqueline M. Wilson, Rainer Volkamer, Alla Zelenyuk, Carl M. Berkowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP), conducted from June 2012 through June 2013, was a unique study designed to provide a comprehensive data set that can be used to investigate a number of important climate science questions, including those related to aerosol mixing state and aerosol radiative forcing. The study was designed to sample the atmosphere between and within two atmospheric columns; one fixed near the coast of North America (over Cape Cod, MA) and a second moveable column over the Atlantic Ocean several hundred kilometers from the coast. The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)Mobile Facility (AMF) was deployed at the base of the Cape Cod column, and the ARMAerial Facility was utilized for the summer and winter intensive observation periods. One important finding from TCAP is that four of six nearly cloud-free flight days had aerosol layers aloft in both the Cape Cod and maritime columns that were detected using the nadir pointing second-generation NASA high-spectral resolution lidar (HSRL-2). These layers contributed up to 60% of the total observed aerosol optical depth (AOD). Many of these layers were also intercepted by the aircraft configured for in situ sampling, and the aerosol in the layers was found to have increased amounts of biomass burning material and nitrate compared to aerosol found near the surface. In addition, while there was a great deal of spatial and day-to-day variability in the aerosol chemical composition and optical properties, no systematic differences between the two columns were observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-361
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Palaeontology

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