THERMODYNAMICS and CHARGING of INTERSTELLAR IRON NANOPARTICLES

Brandon S. Hensley, B. T. Draine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Interstellar iron in the form of metallic iron nanoparticles may constitute a component of the interstellar dust. We compute the stability of iron nanoparticles to sublimation in the interstellar radiation field, finding that iron clusters can persist down to a radius of ≃4.5 and perhaps smaller. We employ laboratory data on small iron clusters to compute the photoelectric yields as a function of grain size and the resulting grain charge distribution in various interstellar environments, finding that iron nanoparticles can acquire negative charges, particularly in regions with high gas temperatures and ionization fractions. If ≳10% of the interstellar iron is in the form of ultrasmall iron clusters, the photoelectric heating rate from dust may be increased by up to tens of percent relative to dust models with only carbonaceous and silicate grains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number134
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume834
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Keywords

  • dust
  • extinction

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