Part I of this review considered basic aspects of tonic accommodation (TA). i.e. the accommodative response observed under degraded stimulus conditions. Part II considers accommodative adaptation, i.e. the apparent change in TA following periods of sustained fixation, and clinical aspects of both baseline TA and accommodative adaptation. It is suggested that the apparent post‐task shift in TA reflects the slow rate of decay of the stimulus‐mediated adaptive accommodative response, while the actual level of tonic innervation to the ciliary muscle remains relatively constant. The clinical implications of both TA and accommodative adaptation are discussed with regard to night, space and instrument myopia and refractive error development, notably nearwork‐induced myopia. It is concluded that the evidence for any association between this form of myopia and either TA or accommodative adaptation is equivocal, and furthermore it seems likely that TA plays only a minor role in influencing the closed‐loop steady‐state accommodative response.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics|
|State||Published - Jul 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems