Toxicity of insecticides on various life stages of two tortricid pests of cranberries and on a non-target predator

Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Andrea Carolina Wanumen, Jordano Salamanca, Robert Holdcraft, Vera Kyryczenko-Roth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laboratory and extended laboratory bioassays were conducted to determine the residual toxicities of various insecticides against two key pests of cranberries, Sparganothis sulfureana and Choristoneura parallela (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), and their non-target effects on the predatory Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). The effects of nine insecticides with different modes of action on S. sulfureana and Ch. parallela eggs, larvae, and adults were tested in the laboratory, while the efficacy of a post-bloom application on larval mortality and mass of these pests and on adult O. insidiosus was evaluated in extended laboratory experiments. The organophosphate chlorpyrifos and the spinosyn spinetoram provided long-lasting (seven-day) control against all stages of both pests. The growth regulator methoxyfenozide and the diamides chlorantraniliprole and cyantraniliprole had strong (1–7 days) larvicidal, particularly on young larvae, and growth inhibitory activity, but only the diamides were adulticidal. Among neonicotinoids, acetamiprid had stronger ovicidal and adulticidal activity than thiamethoxam, showing within-insecticide class differences in toxicities; however, both were weak on larvae. Lethality of novaluron and indoxacarb was inconsistent, varying depending on species and stage. Chlorpyrifos was most toxic to O. insidiosus. These results show species- and stage-specific toxicities, and greater compatibility with biological control, of the newer reduced-risk classes of insecticides than older chemistries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number15
JournalInsects
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

Keywords

  • Choristoneura parallela
  • Conservation biological control
  • IPM
  • Orius insidiosus
  • Reduced-risk insecticides
  • Sparganothis sulfureana

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