Transcriptional regulation of hydrogen peroxide and calcium for signaling transduction and stressdefensive genes contributing to improved drought tolerance in creeping bentgrass

Zhou Li, Yan Peng, Bingru Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Small molecules, including H2 O2 and Ca, mediate stress signaling and drought tolerance in plants. The objective of this study was to determine whether improvement in drought tolerance by H2O2 and Ca were associated with the regulation of transcription factors and stress-protective genes in perennial grass species. Plants of creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) were sprayed with water (control), H2O2 (9 mM), or CaCl2 (10 mM) and exposed to drought stress for 20 days in controlled-environment growth chambers. Foliar application of H2 O2 or Ca led to significant improvement in drought tolerance of creeping bentgrass, as demonstrated by greater turf quality, leaf relative water content, chlorophyll content, photochemical efficiency, and cell membrane stability, as compared with the untreated control. The application of H2O2 and Ca resulted in significant up-regulation of genes in Ca signaling transduction pathways [Ca-dependent kinase 26 (CDPK26), mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1), and 14-3-3] and transcript factors (WRKY75 and MYB13). For genes encoding antioxidant enzymes, H2O2 mainly enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), and dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) expression, while Ca primarily improved transcript levels of SOD, monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR), and GR. In addition, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), metallothionein 1 (MT1), and glutamine synthetase 2 (GS2) were also markedly up-regulated by H2O2 and Ca under drought stress. However, the transcript level of lipoxygenase 3 (LOX3) was significantly down-regulated by H2O2 and Ca under well-watered and drought conditions. These results imply that H2 O2 and Ca commonly or differentially regulate genes expression in association with drought tolerance through activating Ca signaling pathway and regulating transcription factors and stress-protective genes expression, leading to the alleviation of lipid peroxidation, maintenance of correct protein folding and translocation, and enhancement of nitrogen metabolism under a prolonged period of drought stress in creeping bentgrass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-246
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Society for Horticultural Science
Volume145
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture
  • Genetics

Keywords

  • Agrostis stolonifera
  • Antioxidant
  • Ca
  • Dehydrins
  • Fatty acid
  • H2 O2
  • Heat shock protein
  • Metallothionein
  • Transcription factor

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