Transient analysis of natural convection in a horizontal open ended cavity

Assunta Andreozzi, Oronzio Manca, Yogesh Jaluria

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The configuration of two horizontal parallel walls can be found in many applications, such as the cooling of electronic components, solar energy systems and chemical vapor deposition systems (CVD). In the present investigation a transient numerical analysis for laminar natural convection in air between two horizontal parallel plates, with the upper plate heated at uniform heat flux and the lower one unheated, is carried out by means of the finite volume method. The model was assumed to be two-dimensional. The full two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations together with the continuity and energy equations are solved by a numerical scheme derived from a SIMPLE-like algorithm in an H-shaped domain. Results are presented in terms of velocity and temperature profiles, wall temperature profiles and the temporal behavior of several significant variables, such as the penetration length, is reported for different Rayleigh numbers and aspect ratio values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-146
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Heat Transfer Division, (Publication) HTD
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Event2002 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: Nov 17 2002Nov 22 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


  • Natural Convection
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Open Ended Cavity
  • Transient Analysis


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