Twistronics of Kekulé Graphene: Honeycomb and Kagome Flat Bands

Michael G. Scheer, Biao Lian

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Kekulé-O order in graphene, which has recently been realized experimentally, induces Dirac electron masses on the order of m∼100 meV. We show that twisted bilayer graphene in which one or both layers have Kekulé-O order exhibits nontrivial flat electronic bands on honeycomb and kagome lattices. When only one layer has Kekulé-O order, there is a parameter regime for which the lowest four bands at charge neutrality form an isolated two-orbital honeycomb lattice model with two flat bands. The bandwidths are minimal at a magic twist angle θ≈0.7° and Dirac mass m≈100 meV. When both layers have Kekulé-O order, there is a large parameter regime around θ≈1° and m≲100 meV in which the lowest three valence and conduction bands at charge neutrality each realize isolated kagome lattice models with one flat band, while the next three valence and conduction bands are flat bands on triangular lattices. These flat band systems may provide a new platform for strongly correlated phases of matter.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number266501
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 29 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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