Uber-in-light: Unobtrusive visible light communication leveraging complementary color channel

Mostafa Izz, Zhongyuan Li, Hongbo Liu, Yingying Chen, Feng Li

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations


Recently, Visible Light Communication (VLC) over a screen-camera channel has drawn considerable attention to unobtrusive design. It overcomes the distractive nature of traditional coded image approaches (e.g., barcodes). Previous unobtrusive methods fall into two categories: 1) utilizing alpha channel, a well known concept in computer graphics, to encode bits into the pixel translucency change with off-the-shelf smart devices; and 2) leveraging the spatial-temporal flicker-fusion property of human vision system with the fast frame rate of modern displays. However, these approaches heavily rely on high-end devices to achieve both unobtrusive and high accuracy screen-camera-based data communication without affecting video-viewing experience. Unlike previous approaches, we propose Uber-in-light, a novel unobtrusive and accurate VLC system, that enables real-time screen-camera communication, applicable to any screen and camera. The proposed system encodes the data as complementary intensity changes over Red, Green, and Blue (RGB) color channels that could be successfully decoded by camera while leaving the human visual perception unaffected. We design a MFSK modulation scheme with dedicated frame synchronization signal embedded in an orthogonal color channel to achieve high throughput. Furthermore, together with the complementary color intensity, an enhanced MUSIC-based demodulation scheme is developed to ensure highly accurate data transmission. Our user experience experiments confirmed the effectiveness of delivering unobtrusive data across different types of video content and resolutions. Extensive real-time performance evaluations are conducted using our prototype implementation to demonstrate the efficiency and reliability of the proposed system under diverse wireless environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE INFOCOM 2016 - 35th Annual IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781467399531
StatePublished - Jul 27 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event35th Annual IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Apr 10 2016Apr 14 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE INFOCOM


Other35th Annual IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE INFOCOM 2016
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)

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