Unexplained Symptoms After Terrorism and War: An Expert Consensus Statement

Daniel J. Clauw, Charles C. Engel, Robert Aronowitz, Edgar Jones, Howard M. Kipen, Kurt Kroenke, Scott Ratzan, Michael Sharpe, Simon Wessely

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Twelve years of concern regarding a possible "Gulf War syndrome" has now given way to societal concerns of a "World Trade Center syndrome" and efforts to prevent unexplained symptoms following the most recent war in Iraq. These events serve to remind us that unexplained symptoms frequently occur after war and are likely after terrorist attacks. An important social priority is to recognize, define, prevent, and care for individuals with unexplained symptoms after war and related events (eg, terrorism, natural or industrial disasters). An international, multidisciplinary, and multiinstitutional consensus project was completed to summarize current knowledge on unexplained symptoms after terrorism and war.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1040-1048
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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