Uptake and Utilization of Selenium from Selenoprotein P

Sumangala Shetty, John R. Marsicano, Paul R. Copeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selenoprotein P (SELENOP) is a serum glycoprotein that is required for proper selenium distribution in mammals, particularly in supplying selenium to the brain and testes. As the sole mechanism for providing essential selenium to developing spermatozoa, SELENOP metabolism is central to male fertility in all mammals. In addition, this process is important for proper brain function, especially under conditions of limited dietary selenium. Several specific and nonspecific mechanisms for SELENOP uptake in target tissues have been described, but the utilization of SELENOP as a source of selenium for intracellular selenoprotein production has not been systematically characterized. In this report, we examine the process of SELENOP uptake using a robust selenium uptake assay that measures selenium utilization in cells fed 75Se-SELENOP. Using a series of inhibitors and modulators we have identified specific regulators of the process and found that SELENOP must be in an oxidized state for uptake. This assay also demonstrates that SELENOP uptake is not highly sequence specific as the zebrafish protein is recognized and processed by mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-61
Number of pages8
JournalBiological Trace Element Research
Volume181
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Keywords

  • Oxidation
  • Selenium
  • Selenocysteine
  • Selenoprotein P

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