Using a random-effects model to test differing conceptualizations of multidimensional constructs

Michael C. Sturman, Shawn M. Carraher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Previous work investigating the dimensionality of psychological constructs has assumed a fixed-effects model, in which one true correlation describes the relationship between two given dimensions. We challenge this assumption by showing how a random-effects model may aid in representing individual perceptions of multidimensional constructs. Using the Pay Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ), we demonstrate that the relationships that individuals hold between the (purported) dimensions of the PSQ are predictable by cognitive complexity, pay level satisfaction, pay level, and interactions; we also show how between-dimension variation assists in establishing criterion-related validity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-135
Number of pages28
JournalOrganizational Research Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management


  • Construct validation procedures
  • Criterion and predictive validity strategies
  • Factor analysis
  • Random effects


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