This paper provides exponential stability results for two system classes. The first class includes a family of nonlinear ODE systems while the second consists of semi-linear parabolic PDEs. A common feature of both classes is that the systems they include involve sampled-data states and a time-varying gain. Sufficient conditions ensuring global exponential stability are established in terms of Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMIs) derived on the basis of Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals. The established stability results prove to be useful in designing exponentially convergent observers based on sampled-data measurements. It is shown throughout simulated examples from the literature that the introduction of time-varying gains is beneficial to the enlargement of sampling intervals while preserving the stability of the system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Sampled-data observers
- Sampled-data systems
- Time-varying gain