Utility of RAPD markers in identifying genetic linkages to genes of economic interest in peach

M. L. Warburton, V. L. Becerra-Velásquez, J. C. Goffreda, F. A. Bliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

The identification of molecular markers linked to economically important traits for use in crop improvement is very important in long-lived perennial species. Three-hundred-and-sixty RAPD primers were used with bulked segregant analysis to identify markers linked to loci of specific interest in peach [(Prunus persica) L. Batch] and peach x almond [(Prunus dulcis) Batch] crosses. The traits analyzed included flesh color, adhesion, and texture; pollen fertility; plant stature; and three isozyme loci. The Mendelian behavior of the RAPD loci was established, and RAPD markers were mapped relative to the loci controlling flesh color, adhesion, and texture, and the isozyme loci MdH-1, 6Pgd-2 and Aat-1, as well as the existing RFLP genetic linkage map constructed previously using a peach x almond F2 population. This technique has facilitated rapid identification of RAPD and RFLP markers that are linked to the traits under study. Loci controlling these traits mapped predominantly to linkage groups 2 and 3 of the peach genetic linkage map. Linkages to genes with both dominant and co-dominant alleles were identified, but linkages to dominant genes were more difficult to find. In several crosses, RAPD marker bands proved to be allelic. One co-dominant RAPD formed a heteroduplex band in heterozygous individuals and in mixtures of alternate homozygotes. The Mendelian behavior of the RAPD loci studied was established and the results suggest that RAPD markers will be useful for plant improvement in peach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)920-925
Number of pages6
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume93
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

Keywords

  • Bulked segregant analysis (BSA)
  • Co-dominance
  • Heteroduplex
  • Prunus spp.
  • RAPDs

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