Variations in the Type I Copper Protein Coordination Group: Resonance Raman Spectrum of 34S-, 65Cu-, and 15N-Labeled Plastocyanin

Di Qiu, Shoulian Dong, Joel A. Ybe, Michael H. Hecht, Thomas G. Spiro

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Resonance Raman spectra are reported for bacterially expressed poplar plastocyanin labeled with 34S, l5N, and 65Cu isotopes. The strongly enhanced bands near 400 cm-1 are sensitive to all three isotopes. The strongest bands also exhibit the largest 65Cu and 34S shifts, confirming the involvement of Cu—S [cysteine] stretching in the enhancement mechanism. The isotope shift and intensity pattern is similar to that reported recently for P. aeroginosa azurin, but the modes with the largest Cu-S contribution are higher in plastocyanin, 429/420 vs 409 cm-1. This frequency order is counter to a recently proposed correlation between Cu—S [cysteine] bond strength in Type 1 Cu proteins and the displacement of the Cu from the trigonal [His]2[Cys] coordination plane toward the distant fourth ligand. The out-of-plane displacement is greater for plastocyanin than for azurin, 0.34 vs 0.04 Å. The small displacement and the weaker Cu—S [cysteine] bond in azurin are attributed to (1) an additional hydrogen bond to the cysteine S atom and (2) an additional donor interaction to the Cu from a backbone carbonyl group. Observed 15N shifts implicate the N atom of the cysteine peptide, and possibly of other residues, as part of the dynamical unit responsible for the 400-cm-1region RR bands. The isotope shifts will provide important constraints on normal mode calculations of Cu protein RR spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6443-6446
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number24
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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