Ventriculoperitoneal shunt complications in hydrocephalus patients with intracranial tumors: An analysis of relevant risk factors

G. Kesava Reddy, Papireddy Bollam, Gloria Caldito, Brian Willis, Bharat Guthikonda, Anil Nanda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with intracranial tumors are predisposed to persistent hydrocephalus, often requiring a permanent CSF diversion procedure with shunts. This study reviews the long-term experience with ventriculoperitoneal shunts for the management of hydrocephalus in patients with intracranial tumors. Patients with intracranial tumors who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus from October 1990 to October 2009 were included in this study. During the 19-year period, medical charts, operative reports, imaging studies, and clinical follow- up evaluations were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively for all patients. A total of 187 intracranial tumor patients with hydrocephalus were included. The median follow up was 391 days. Malignant tumors were present in 40% of the patients. Overall shunt failure was 27.8%. Single shunt revision occurred in 13% of the patients and 14% had multiple shunt revision. Tumor histology, age and a procedure prior to shunt placement (ventriculostomy/Ommaya reservoirs) were significantly associated with the shunt revisions. Shunt system replacement and proximal shunt complication were significantly attributed to multiple shunt revisions. The overall shunt revision within 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 5 years was 17.7%, 18.7%, 19.8% and 24.1%, respectively. The results of the study demonstrate that VP shunting is an effective for the management of hydrocephalus in patients with intracranial tumors. The overall incidence of shunt revision was 27.8%. Age, tumor histology, and a procedure prior to shunt placement (ventriculostomy/Ommaya reservoirs) were significantly associated with the shunt revisions. Additional studies using minimally invasive techniques are being explored for the management of hydrocephalus in patients with intracranial tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-342
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Volume103
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Keywords

  • Brain neoplasm
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Shunt complication
  • Shunt failure
  • Shunt revision
  • Shunt surgery

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