Vibrational dephasing and frequency shifts of hydrogen-bonded pyridine-water complexes

A. G. Kalampounias, G. Tsilomelekis, S. Boghosian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


In this paper we present the picosecond vibrational dynamics and Raman shifts of hydrogen-bonded pyridine-water complexes present in aqueous solutions in a wide concentration range from dense to extreme dilute solutions. We studied the vibrational dephasing and vibrational frequency modulation by calculating time correlation functions of vibrational relaxation by fits in the frequency domain. The concentration induced variations in bandwidths, band frequencies and characteristic dephasing times have been estimated and interpreted as effects due to solute-solvent interactions. The time-correlation functions of vibrational dephasing were obtained for the ring breathing mode of both "free" and hydrogen-bonded pyridine molecules and it was found that sufficiently deviate from the Kubo model. There is a general agreement in the whole concentration range with the modeling proposed by the Rothschild approach, which applies to complex liquids. The results have shown that the reorientation of pyridine aqueous solutions is very slow and hence in both scattering geometries only vibrational dephasing is probed. It is proposed that the spectral changes depend on the perturbations induced by the dynamics of the water molecules in the first hydration cell and water in bulk, while at extreme dilution conditions, the number of bulk water molecules increases and the interchange between molecules belonging to the first hydration cell may not be the predominant modulation mechanism. The evolution of several parameters, such as the characteristic times, the percentage of Gaussian character in the peak shape and the a parameter are indicative of drastic variations at extreme dilution revealing changes in the vibrational relaxation of the pyridine complexes in the aqueous environment. The higher dilution is correlated to diffusion of water molecules into the reference pyridine system in agreement with the jump diffusion model, while at extreme dilutions, almost all pyridine molecules are elaborated in hydrogen bonding. The results are discussed in the framework of the current phenomenological status of the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
StatePublished - Jan 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy


  • Aqueous solution
  • Pyridine
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Vibrational dephasing
  • Vibrational relaxation


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