Wavefront control scenarios for a coronagraph on an AFTA-like space telescope

Tyler D. Groff, N. Jeremy Kasdin, Stuart Shaklan, Laurent Pueyo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A coronagraph on the Astrophysics Focused Telescope Asset (AFTA) provides a unique opportunity to conduct space based spectroscopic characterization of faint planets orbiting nearby stars. The principal components of such an instrument are the coronagraph itself, the integral field spectrograph (IFS) imager, and a wavefront control system to remove observatory instabilities and quasi-static speckles. Such a system will need to reach contrast levels between 1×10-8 and 1×10-9 at small angular separations to detect cool Jupiters and characterize exo-zodiacal light for any future flagship class missions. Here we define the two principal focal plane control laws commonly used in high contrast imaging, and perform a sensitivity study of the focal plane wavefront controllers to time varying low-order aberrations. The shortest possible timescale of these requirements is based on the time required for a Kalman filter estimator to measure the field. The integration time required to achieve adequate signal-to-noise in the estimation step is derived from the observing conditions, and the brightness of the target and its associated exo-zodiacal light. Based on this analysis we define tip-tilt and defocus stability limits, which must appear in the error budget for any low-order wavefront sensor intended for the instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 2013
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2013Aug 29 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8864

Other

OtherTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/26/138/29/13

Fingerprint

coronagraphs
zodiacal light
astrophysics
telescopes
Kalman filters
Jupiter (planet)
estimators
budgets
spectrographs
aberration
planets
controllers
observatories
brightness
stars
requirements
sensitivity
sensors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

Keywords

  • AFTA
  • Coronagraphy
  • Deformable Mirrors
  • Exoplanets
  • Kalman Filter
  • Low Order Aberrations
  • Space Telescope
  • Wavefront Control
  • Wavefront Estimation

Cite this

Groff, T. D., Kasdin, N. J., Shaklan, S., & Pueyo, L. (2013). Wavefront control scenarios for a coronagraph on an AFTA-like space telescope. In Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI [886413] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8864). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025090
Groff, Tyler D. ; Kasdin, N. Jeremy ; Shaklan, Stuart ; Pueyo, Laurent. / Wavefront control scenarios for a coronagraph on an AFTA-like space telescope. Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI. 2013. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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Groff, TD, Kasdin, NJ, Shaklan, S & Pueyo, L 2013, Wavefront control scenarios for a coronagraph on an AFTA-like space telescope. in Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI., 886413, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 8864, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/26/13. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025090

Wavefront control scenarios for a coronagraph on an AFTA-like space telescope. / Groff, Tyler D.; Kasdin, N. Jeremy; Shaklan, Stuart; Pueyo, Laurent.

Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI. 2013. 886413 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8864).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - A coronagraph on the Astrophysics Focused Telescope Asset (AFTA) provides a unique opportunity to conduct space based spectroscopic characterization of faint planets orbiting nearby stars. The principal components of such an instrument are the coronagraph itself, the integral field spectrograph (IFS) imager, and a wavefront control system to remove observatory instabilities and quasi-static speckles. Such a system will need to reach contrast levels between 1×10-8 and 1×10-9 at small angular separations to detect cool Jupiters and characterize exo-zodiacal light for any future flagship class missions. Here we define the two principal focal plane control laws commonly used in high contrast imaging, and perform a sensitivity study of the focal plane wavefront controllers to time varying low-order aberrations. The shortest possible timescale of these requirements is based on the time required for a Kalman filter estimator to measure the field. The integration time required to achieve adequate signal-to-noise in the estimation step is derived from the observing conditions, and the brightness of the target and its associated exo-zodiacal light. Based on this analysis we define tip-tilt and defocus stability limits, which must appear in the error budget for any low-order wavefront sensor intended for the instrument.

AB - A coronagraph on the Astrophysics Focused Telescope Asset (AFTA) provides a unique opportunity to conduct space based spectroscopic characterization of faint planets orbiting nearby stars. The principal components of such an instrument are the coronagraph itself, the integral field spectrograph (IFS) imager, and a wavefront control system to remove observatory instabilities and quasi-static speckles. Such a system will need to reach contrast levels between 1×10-8 and 1×10-9 at small angular separations to detect cool Jupiters and characterize exo-zodiacal light for any future flagship class missions. Here we define the two principal focal plane control laws commonly used in high contrast imaging, and perform a sensitivity study of the focal plane wavefront controllers to time varying low-order aberrations. The shortest possible timescale of these requirements is based on the time required for a Kalman filter estimator to measure the field. The integration time required to achieve adequate signal-to-noise in the estimation step is derived from the observing conditions, and the brightness of the target and its associated exo-zodiacal light. Based on this analysis we define tip-tilt and defocus stability limits, which must appear in the error budget for any low-order wavefront sensor intended for the instrument.

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T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

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Groff TD, Kasdin NJ, Shaklan S, Pueyo L. Wavefront control scenarios for a coronagraph on an AFTA-like space telescope. In Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI. 2013. 886413. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2025090