Genome stability requires a set of RecQ-Top3 DNA helicase-topoisomerase complexes whose sole budding yeast homolog is encoded by SGS1-TOP3. RMI1/NCE4 was identified as a potential intermediate in the SCS1-TOP3 pathway, based on the observation that strains lacking any one of these genes require MUS81 and MMS4 for viability. This idea was tested by confirming that sgs1 and rmi1 mutants display the same spectrum of synthetic lethal interactions, including the requirements for SLX1, SLX4, SLX5, and SLX8, and by demonstrating that rmi1 mus81 synthetic lethality is dependent on homologous recombination. On their own, mutations in RMI1 result in phenotypes that mimic those of sgs1 or top3 strains including slow growth, hyperrecombination, DNA damage sensitivity, and reduced sporulation. And like top3 strains, most rmi1 phenotypes are suppressed by mutations in SGS1. We show that Rmi1 forms a heteromeric complex with Sgs1-Top3 in yeast and that these proteins interact directly in a recombinant system. The Rmi1-Top3 complex is stable in the absence of the Sgs1 helicase, but the loss of either Rmi1 or Top3 in yeast compromises its partner's interaction with Sgs1. Biochemical studies demonstrate that recombinant Rmi1 is a structure-specific DNA binding protein with a preference for cruciform structures. We propose that the DNA binding specificity of Rmi1 plays a role in targeting Sgs1-Top3 to appropriate substrates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology